The oil and gas industry must plug and abandon 100 000 oil and gas wells worldwide in the next 40 years. There are 10 000 wells to be plugged just in the around North Sea. Service companies are looking for a competitive advantage. The cost for operators in the North Sea only has been estimated at 100 billion €, a major burden to the petroleum industry. The taxpayers pays as up to 78% for the cost of plug and abandonment operations through tax deductions.
Our product RePlug® is a cement additive that improves the outcome of Portland Cement products at a competitive cost. It is designed for for cementing of wells, including for plug and abandonment operations.
RePlug™ has the following properties:
- It is self-healing and CO2-resistant
- It can be designed to deform by ductile crushing, not brittle failure
- It reacts to water by reduced porosity and permeability
- It gives reduced porosity by extended curing periods
- It has 20-30% lower CO2 footprint than ordinary Portland cement
- It is environmentally friendly
- It has slight expansion (not shrinkage) on setting
- We find that early tests show better bonding to steel and rock
- It is patent pending
The compliance requirements of NORSOK Standard D010 for Portland G vs the addition of RePlug™ is as follows:
|Cement materials must:||Portland G Cement performance||Portland G + RePlug® performance|
|a) Provide long term (“eternal”) integrity||– (unknown)||+ (well known)|
|b) Impermeable||– (known issues)||+ (self heals)|
|c) Non shrinking||– (shrinks 2-4%)||+ (expands to fill the available space)|
|d) Able to withstand mechanical loads/impact||– (once fractured it is open)||+ (cataclasis followed by hydrous self healing)|
|e) Resistant to chemicals/substances (H2S, CO2, hydrocarbons)||– (CO2)||+ (CO2)|
|f) Wetting to ensure bonding to steel||– (known issues)||+ (early tests show excellent wetting)|
|g) Not harmful to the steel tubulars integrity||– (limited buffer capacity)||+ (high buffer capacity)|
Contact us for more information or interest in the product RePlug®.
ReStone’s RePlug initiative is supported by the Norwegian Research Council from the CLIMIT program, and by Innovation Norway.